高硫-低硫化浅成低温热液矿床的短波红外矿物分布特征及找矿模型
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引用本文:郭娜,黄一入,郑龙,唐楠,伏媛,王成.2017.高硫-低硫化浅成低温热液矿床的短波红外矿物分布特征及找矿模型[J].地球学报,38(5):767-778.
DOI:10.3975/cagsb.2017.05.16
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作者单位E-mail
郭娜 成都理工大学;中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所 cdut_guona@126.com 
黄一入 成都理工大学  
郑龙 成都理工大学  
唐楠 成都理工大学  
伏媛 成都理工大学  
王成 成都理工大学  
基金项目:国土资源部公益性行业科研专项(编号: 201511017-4);国家自然科学青年基金(编号: 41302265)
中文摘要:本文以铁格隆南(荣那矿段)高硫化浅成低温热液矿床和斯弄多低硫化浅成低温热液矿床为研究对象, 运用短波红外技术快速厘定了上述两个矿床的蚀变矿物类型及组合特征, 构建了基于短波红外勘查技术的找矿模型。研究发现: 铁格隆南矿床(荣那矿段)的蚀变矿物垂向分带组合为: 高岭石→高岭石+(地开石+明矾石)→高岭石+明矾石+(地开石)→高岭石+地开石+明矾石。由于高硫化浅成低温热液交代黄铁绢英岩化带的斑岩型矿体, 致使上部矿石中还有少量交代残余的绢云母; 斯弄多低硫化浅成低温热液矿床的蚀变矿物垂向分布为: 白(绢)云母+(钠云母)→白(绢)云母+钠云母+(伊利石)→白(绢)云母+钠云母+蒙脱石+伊利石→白(绢)云母+钠白云母+蒙脱石+伊利石, 其中顶部白(绢)云母是后期黑云母花岗斑岩蚀变所产生, 本身与成矿无关; 矿体主要赋存在伊利石+蒙脱石带, 随着蒙脱石被伊利石化, 矿体也逐渐尖灭。
中文关键词:浅成低温热液型矿床  短波红外技术  蚀变分带  找矿模型  蚀变矿物
 
Alteration Zoning and Prospecting Model of Epithermal Deposit Revealed by Shortwave Infrared Technique: A Case Study of Tiegelongnan and Sinongduo Deposits
Abstract:With the Tiegelongnan (Rongna ore block) high sulfidation epithermal deposit and the Sinongduo low sulfidation epithermal deposit as the research objects and on the basis of the shortwave infrared technology, the authors determined alteration and mineral assemblages of the two deposits, and built a shortwave infrared prospecting model. It is found that the alteration minerals in the Tiegelongnan deposit (Rongna) exhibits vertical zoning of kaolinite→kaolinite+(dickite+alunite)→kaolinite+alunite+(dickite)→kaolinite+alunite+dickite. Owing to the metasomatism of hydrothermal on beresitization zone of porphyry, there is a small amount of remanent sericite on the top. Minerals in the Sinongduo deposit show the vertical zoning of muscovite+ (paragonite)→muscovite+paragonite+(illite)→muscovite+paragonite+illite→muscovite+paragonite+montmorillonite+illite. The muscovite at the top was produced by the alteration of the late biotite granite porphyry. It had nothing to do with mineralization. The orebody is mainly hosted in the illite+montmorillonite belt, and the orebody is gradually pinched out as the montmorillonite with illitization.
keywords:epithermal deposit  shortwave infrared technique  alteration zoning  prospecting model  alteration minerals
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