国内岩石类展教系统现状分析及关键技术研究
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引用本文:李宏博,杨良锋,吕林素,冯向阳,刘丹,李宇灏.2017.国内岩石类展教系统现状分析及关键技术研究[J].地球学报,38(2):256-264.
DOI:10.3975/cagsb.2017.02.19
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作者单位E-mail
李宏博 中国地质博物馆 li_h_b@sina.com.cn 
杨良锋 中国地质博物馆 yang_liangfeng@hotmail.com 
吕林素 中国地质博物馆  
冯向阳 中国地质博物馆  
刘丹 中国地质博物馆  
李宇灏 中国地质博物馆  
基金项目:国土资源部公益性行业科研专项经费(编号: 201011003);国土资源部门预算项目“地质遗迹标本采集、购置与综合研究”(编号: 121113000000160034)
中文摘要:通过对国内地学类专业博物馆的广泛调研, 基本查明了国内岩石类展览和教育系统(以下简称“展教系统”)的现状, 并对存在的主要问题进行了分析。主要体现在: (1)岩石类展教系统内容设计过于专业化, 较为深奥和枯燥; (2)岩石展教形式“重展示、轻教育”, 以标本陈列为主, 缺乏体验性、趣味性和互动性; (3)缺乏对岩石微观世界、深层次科学内容的挖掘和展示, 岩石学在地球科学中的重要地位和意义体现不足。针对这些问题, 课题组借鉴现代博物馆展教设计理念, 结合先进的展教技术手段, 对岩石类展教系统的一些关键技术进行了深入研究和探索, 并成功研制出一套岩石类展教系统(示范)。该系统以中国著名的岩石地质景观为切入点, 按照“宏观—手标本—微观”的内容设计主线, 采用展教模型、多媒体实时动画生成、触摸屏、显微成像(偏光)、实时三维互动等技术手段, 多层面、交互式地展示典型岩石的鉴定特征和相关岩石学知识。该系统的推广应用将对我国地学类博物馆的岩石科普工作起到重要的示范和指导作用, 是一次重要的创新突破。
中文关键词:岩石学  科学普及  展教系统  关键技术  公众化传播
 
Analysis and Key Technologies of the Chinese Exhibition and Education System of Petrology
Abstract:Based on a wide survey of geological museums in China, the authors investigated and analyzed the exhibition and education system of petrology (EESP). The main problems are as follows: (1) The content designs are unduly specialized in the EESP, and might obscure common audiences; (2) The exhibition style still exhibits orientation and overlooks education, experience, interest and interaction; (3) Microcosmic and deep-level petrology as well as the significance of the petrology in the geosciences have not been shown enough. In view of such a situation, based on the modern instructional concepts of exhibition design in the science and technology museums, the authors strived to solve the key technologies of the EESP and fabricated a set of exemplary EESP successfully. Taking the famous Chinese rock landscapes as the starting points, the authors applied exhibition model, multimedia representation, touch-screen, microscopic imaging (polarized light) and 3D interaction, along the design streamline of “macrography-hand specimen-microstructure”. This set of EESP exhibits the identification features of the typical rocks and the related petrological knowledge, and has important significance for the popularization of petrological science in the geological museums of China.
keywords:petrology  science popularization  exhibition and education system  key technology  public transmission
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